1. Trench Composting
If this is allowed in your area, trench composting is a very simple and odor-free method that can be done easily without a great deal of effort. Basically, you dig a hole or trench near the plants you want to fertilize with compost. The shape doesn’t matter – it depends on your garden or lawn needs and lay-out.
Put food scraps into the hole, and then cover it back up with the soil you removed when you dug the hole. That’s it. You don’t have to turn the compost, or even spread it around. Your plants’ roots will freely partake of the rich compost as the food waste decomposes.
2. Raised Bed
This is a variation on trench composting. Rather than digging a trench into the earth, with this method you dig into the side of a hill of soil (or raised bed) and put the food scraps inside, then cover up the hole. The food waste is automatically buried inside the raised garden bed.
3. Compost Pile
The compost pile is what many people think of when they think of starting their own compost supply. You start by piling up yard clippings and leaves, and then add kitchen scraps. Using a pitchfork or shovel, mound the compost up so that heat will build in the middle of the pile, helping it decompose. Your pile will have to be periodically turned by hand. Check with your local officials to make sure compost piles are allowed in your area.
4. Food Waste Digester
These cone-shaped bins are aptly named “Green Cones.” In these containers, you can compost meat scraps as well as vegetable and fruit ones. Green Cones have underground and above-ground components. The underground chamber is a basket-like container through which water can flow. The cone shape is above ground, and uses the heat from the sun to “digest” the food scraps quickly.
The Green Cone does not produce compost for you to spread on your garden; it simply converts food waste into harmless, sanitary substances and releases them into the soil. Placed near a garden or planting bed, however, it is reasonable to expect that the Green Cone’s residue would benefit nearby vegetation.
5. Compost “Smoothie”
You can use your blender as a composting aid. Simply put food scraps into the blender (about 3/4 full), add water to cover, and puree. In a covered bin or bucket, mix this compost smoothie with shredded newspaper to reduce odor and let it decompose for a few days before digging it into your garden. You could also dilute the smoothie with more water and pour on houseplants or directly on your lawn or garden. The dilution prevents it from “burning” the plants before it has had time to decompose.