What Happens When A Black Hole Devours A Star?
LOS ANGELES — Astronomers think they have solved the mystery of an extraordinary flash spied in a faraway galaxy, saying it came from a massive black hole that devoured a star after it wandered too close.
The awesome energy released by the feeding frenzy was first detected by NASA’s Swift satellite on March 28 and was later confirmed by a fleet of space and ground telescopes.
Some scientists initially thought the bright flash was a gamma-ray burst from a star collapsing, but flaring from such an event typically lasts only a few hours.
Instead of fading, the cosmic outburst continued to burn bright and emit high-energy radiation months later.
Two separate teams pored through data and concluded that an unsuspecting star the size of our sun likely got sucked in by the powerful tug of a giant black hole much like a fly that can’t escape a frog resting on a lily pad. The findings were published online Thursday in the journal Science.
As the black hole gobbled up the star, it streamed a beam of energy straight at Earth that was recorded by telescopes. The stellar feast occurred in the heart of a galaxy 3.8 billion light years from Earth. A light year is about 6 trillion miles.
“This was clearly different than anything we’ve ever seen before,” said one of the team leaders, Joshua Bloom, an astronomer at the University of California, Berkeley who classified the event as extremely rare.
Black holes are swirling, super-dense cores of galaxies that vacuum up nearly everything in sight. How they grow so huge remains a mystery. Scientists think the latest observation could help them better understand how galaxies form.
Could what happened in the distant galaxy occur in our Milky Way? In theory yes, say scientists, but the chances are low.
“It’s not something worth losing sleep over,” said researcher Andrew Levan of University of Warwick in England, who led the other team.